This page contains information on:
The Seven Different £1 coin types (2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017)
Two errors that have been seen often enough to be of note
The two different edge types on the circulation 2016 coin
Information on man-made ‘error’ coins being offered on auction sites
For a coin that has only officially been in use for a short time, there are in fact already seven known different types of new £1 coin, including (No.3) that I have confirmed today and am now revealing to the world (29/4/17) and the new 2014 dated trial coin, first published here (16/1/18)! There are: three trial coins, one coin sold in pairs only with a mint mark, one mule and two fully in circulation. To help understand the chaos, here is a graphic. Feel free to share the info.
Approximately 20,000 of the 2014 dated trial were made. It is not known how many of those were returned to the Royal Mint.
For type 3 the Royal Mint have since stated that approx. 1000 were made, see post below made by Andrew on 10/9/17 and a second post dated 29/9/17 below, where the Royal Mint have provided info to confirm exactly 1000 mintage and have stated that the coin was deliberate and is not a mule.
Further information on the 2016 and 2014 trial coins will appear here when confirmed.
Regarding coin 5, below is a close-up of the cross crosslet mint mark:
1. A partial collar error: The collar surrounds the planchet (blank metal disc before it becomes a coin) while the coin is struck, it gives the coin its shape and in the case of the new £1 also imparts the rim millings onto 6 of the 12 sides. Something went wrong here and the collar wasn’t properly surrounding the whole planchet while it was struck, resulting in part of the rim looking normal and the other part of the rim splaying slightly outwards to form what appears to be a raised lip around the edge. This problem has been reported many times and is likely to exist on thousands of coins.
2. The leaked egg error: Not a technical term, but something that helps visualise this particular error as it looks like the yolk of a fried egg has been broken and leaked onto the egg white!
New theory on this one, and it makes more sense to me: It could be due to the pill shaped middle (silver) part of the coin not lining up properly with the (brass) ring part just before it’s struck, causing it to be struck partially on the ring and not within it. This metal on metal means extra mass where it shouldn’t be and this is pushed out towards the edge. In extreme cases the movement of metal causes a gap between the outer ring and centre part of the coin (as shown in the image below)
This is a minor variety but is worthy of a mention because it involve a scarcer edge variety. The so-called ‘leftie’ has been observed on the normal 2016, 2017 and 2018 dated circulation £1 coins (and also on coins in BU sets). For 2018 coins it’s currently too early to tell how common it may be.
Normal/commonest type: When the coin is held upright with the Queen facing right and the hologram at the bottom. To the right of the lowest edge point is normally a milled edge section (continuing on alternate straight edges around the coin).
Scarcer (about 1 in 20 for 2016, as low as 1 in 830 for 2017 observed, based on a survey of 8281 coins*): When the coin is held upright with the Queen facing right and the hologram at the bottom, the edge section to the left of the lowest edge point is milled.
The image below shows the commonest edge type, with milling to the right of the lowest point.
*surveyed by Steve B, who also runs www.thefakepoundcoindatabase.co.uk
When two coins are compared side-by-side there are often differences in the colour of the brass alloy used for the outer ring of the coin.
Ever since the new £1 coin appeared in circulation there have been unscrupulous people claiming to offer all kinds of errors for sale. Mostly on eBay but also other online sales platforms. Most involve pushing out the middle and either manipulating it or putting it back in the wrong way round, rotated or not putting it back at all! Here is a question I received over email and my response to it.
On 04/05/2017 02:30, Michael M wrote:
Hi, like your website, very quick question….
Loads of £1 coins selling right now on eBay for silly money, most of them claiming to be either….
– centre missing from coin
– queens head on wrong side of coin
– queens head side blank and shiny in centre silver area
– chunk of metal missing from centre silver area
…. and so on.
Is all this nonsense? Looks to me people have worked out an easy way to pop the centre silver disc out (whack with mallet?) and then simply put it back the other way round, cut a bit off with hacksaw, use glass paper and buffer to polish one side blank, etc etc etc …….
Thanks for your time reading this.
Yes, it’s absolute nonsense, they are all home made ‘errors’ and technically have no value, not even £1. It’s fairly easy (so I hear) to push out the middle part of the new £1 coin and the same for the £2 coins. Anyone that does so and tries to fool people into thinking it’s some kind of error and was made that way, either by describing it as such, not describing it at all, or claiming to innocently know nothing about it, is clearly of very dubious character. People that break coins are also committing a crime.
Genuine error collectors know what genuine error coins look like and always understand exactly what went wrong during production. The general public can either learn about the minting process and about genuine error coins that can occur. Or they should probably leave well alone, especially on eBay! I’ll post this on the ‘The seven new £1 coin varieties’ page for people to see.
The Check Your Change admin is Mr C H Perkins, publisher of numismatic publications in printed and eBook format. Author of "Collectors' Coins - Decimal Issues of the UK" and other books on British coins and related subjects.