The £1 coin was introduced in 1983 to replace the Bank of England £1 note, which remained in circulation alongside the new coin until 1988. Many different reverse designs have been used on the £1 coin, alternating design themes each year for the UK, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and England. None are actually commemorative designs.
Note that there are lots of fake £1 coins in circulation. They are always of lower quality than the real ones and very often have mis-matching reverse themes and edge inscriptions (when compared to how they should look for the date shown on the heads side).
Edge lettering: I get a lot of enquiries about the wording on the edges of £1 and £2 coins. Note that the edge lettering can be up one way or the other, it’s completely random.
There were 46 different ROUND £1 coins – 5 of which were available in sets only (1998, 1999, 2015 shield, 2016 shield, 2016 last round pound).
One 12-sided £1 coin has officially been released (dated 2016). 2017 dated 12-sided coins also exist in BU packaging and are apparently also given out in change at the Royal Mint visitor centre. One trial coin (12-sided dated 2015) also exists.
Specifications of the £1 coin are shown at the bottom of this page.
Details of all £1 coins are shown on separate pages, linked to below (click on text to see details for that date. Click on the image to see a larger version of that design):
|1983 One Pound||1984 One Pound||1985 One Pound||1986 One Pound||1987 One Pound|
|1988 One Pound||1989 One Pound||1990 One Pound||1991 One Pound||1992 One Pound|
|1993 One Pound||1994 One Pound||1995 One Pound||1996 One Pound||1997 One Pound|
|1998 One Pound||1999 One Pound||2000 One Pound||2001 One Pound||2002 One Pound|
|2003 One Pound||2004 One Pound||2005 One Pound||2006 One Pound||2007 One Pound|
|2008 One Pound||2008 One Pound||2009 One Pound||2010 One Pound||2010 One Pound|
|2010 One Pound||2011 One Pound||2011 One Pound||2011 One Pound||2012 One Pound|
|2013 One Pound||2013 One Pound||2013 One Pound||2014 One Pound||2014 One Pound|
|2014 One Pound||2015 One Pound (4th)||2015 One Pound (5th)||2015 One Pound||2016 One Pound|
|2016 One Pound||2016 One Pound||2017 One Pound|
Text only links, in case the table above does not display correctly:
1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 (2 different £1 coins), 2009, 2010 (3 different £1 coins), 2011 (3 different £1 coins), 2012, 2013 (3 different £1 coins), 2014 (3 different £1 coins), 2015 (3 different £1 coins), 2016 (2 different £1 coins, only one of which will be seen in circulation), 2017 (Just the 12 sided new coin so far).
UK £1 coin specifications:
1983 to 2016 (round):
Metal Composition: 70% copper, 5.5% nickel, 24.5% zinc (referred to as nickel-brass)
Weight: 9.5 grammes
2016 onwards (12-sided):
Size: 23.03mm flat to flat, 23.43mm point to point.
Thickness: 2.8mm (published) but one checked from a BU set is 3.03mm to 3.1mm at the rim.
Metal Composition: Outer ring: 70% copper, 5.5% nickel, 24.5% zinc (referred to as nickel-brass). Inner round piece: nickel-brass plated with nickel.